Friday, May 22, 2020
Madison Berry October 30, 2014 Section #2 NetID: meberry John Watson and Classical Conditioning In psychology, respondent behavior is behavior learned through classical conditioning. This type of learning is defined as a way in which one learns to link two or more stimuli while also anticipating events; or other wise, known as a kind of learning that occurs when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus. While classical conditioning was accidently discovered by Ivan Pavlov, John B. Watson was interested in taking PavlovÃ¢â¬â¢s experiences a bit further. WatsonÃ¢â¬â¢s ultimate goal was to research how classical conditioning could be seen through humans and not just through animals. An in depth look on John WatsonÃ¢â¬â¢s actual experiment can be better explained and found in the article titled, Ã¢â¬Å"The Little Albert ExperimentÃ¢â¬ on http://psychology.about.com/od/classicpsychologystudies/a/little-albert-experiment.htm. John WatsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Contribution Classical conditioning is identified as the type of learning where the nature of the research conditions a fear response to the subject being experimented on. An implication of the research for human behavior involving conditioned fear response would describe how a child might be afraid of storms because of the partnership between the storm and the sound of the loud thunder. This being said, John B. Watson wanted to further explain this reasoning of classical conditioning through his own experiment that many people call The Ã¢â¬Å"LittleShow MoreRelatedThe Little Albert Experiment Of Classical Conditioning1245 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Little Albert Experiment In 1920, behaviorist John B. Watson and his graduate student Rosalie Rayner wanted to study classical conditioning in people. Classical conditioning is when two stimuli are paired and produce an effect off of the second stimulus, but eventually produce the same effect with the first stimulus individually. Watson believed they were capable of furthering psychologist Ivan PavlovÃ¢â¬â¢s research on conditioning dogs to conditioning humans. Watson was a professor at John HopkinsRead MoreApplication to Clinical Psychology Paper1745 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe document the center of attention is surrounding the application of clinical psychology, this branch of psychology is unique as it all realms of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s issue. Specifically speaking, anxiety is the psychological disorder that is under review through the processes of a clinical psychologist, thus concentrating on the biological, psychological and social factors of the disorder. Discussion of what routes of treatment is best for this particular disorder, what outside sources (friends, familyRead MoreFather Of Behaviorism : Broadus Watson935 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesemphasized that all individual differences in behavior can be attributed to differences in learning (McLeod, 2008). During his time researching, Watson initially started experimenting with small animals, but by the year 1919, he began conducting experiments on humans (Weibell, 2011). He began by studying several hundred infants through their first thirty days of infancy and followed a group of infants through their first years of childhood (Weibell, 2011). Despite the large amount of data he collectedRead MoreAnalysis Of I Heart Huckabee s There Was A Scene About The Blanket Theory Essay1154 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesnames a couple of things to his client Albert under the blanket. Bernard is stating that everything is connected and everything matters. We all connect to one another in life even when we think we are totally different from one another. For example, everyone who is a part of a university has the same role by attending like the dean, students, and custodians, but everyone has a different job there which effects our personality. The correlation between Albert and Brad are more connected than anyRead MoreEssay Ethics in Social Psychological Research1536 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesResearch ethics requires the application of necessary ethical convention to a variety of topics involving any scientific study. There are quite a number of experiments brought to what is known as the Internal Review Board. The IRB s sole purpose is to look at any and all experiment that must be taken with considerable amount of ... well, review before they can actually take place. There are commonly three purposes for those who research such ethics. The first purpose is to protect the well-being ofRead MoreJohn B. Watson1440 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages J. Mark Baldwin, was arrested in a police raid on a Baltimore brothel and was forced to resign. Watson took up the reins as chairman of the psychology department and also acquired Baldwins role as editor of the influential journal Psychological Review. At the age of 31, he had become one of the most eminent figures in academic psychology. Watson enjoyed a dazzlingly successful career at Hopkins. He was academically productive and was exceptionally popular with students. A year after his arrivalRead MorePsychology Is The Science Of Natural Science1080 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesheaded two major journals as an editor of Ã¢â¬Å"Psychological ReviewÃ¢â¬ and the Ã¢â¬Å"Journal of Experimental PsychologyÃ¢â¬ . He also wrote two well known papers on behaviorism that showed his version of psychology as a science; and tired to learn how behaviorism could lead to the betterment of lives. Although John Watson had many accomplishments throughout his career, one that is most popular is his experiment on little Albert, a nine-month old boy. The experiment was conditioned to fear something, like a white ratRead MoreClassical And Operant Conditioning And The Field Of Psychology997 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswhite toy bear. (Watson, J. B. Rayner, R. (1920). Conditioned emotional reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 3, 1-14.). Little Albert is an significant case in Classical Conditioning (Waston and Rayner, 1920) in which Waston and Rayner used fear conditioning in a toddler using a white rat paired with the loud sound of a hammer hitting a bar. Eventually, Albert came to associate the loud sound with the white rat and displayed signs of fear when witnessing the rat, providing support for theRead MoreHawthornes Quest for Perfection761 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageslook young, beautiful, and perfect. Some women even undergo surgeries to perfect their bodies. True natural beauty comes from within oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self and not what is on the outside. While critics argue that HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Birth Mark,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Dr. HeideggerÃ¢â¬â¢s Experiment,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"RappaccinniÃ¢â¬â¢s DaughterÃ¢â¬ stand as an overt commentary on nature vs. science, Hawthorne actually uses these works to explore personal familial connections. First of all, these three short stores deal with nature and science, but when oneRead MoreHow to Treat Mental Health Conditions Essay1039 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespreviously been associated with an unconditional stimulus. In Pavlovs famous experiment dogs were conditioned to salivate on hearing a bell because it was previously associated with food (Toates, 2010, P. 23-24). Classical conditioning could explain phobia acquisition if we assume that phobias are learned behaviour and classical conditioning is a type of learning. Support for this comes from the Little Albert experiment where an infant was conditioned to be scared of a rat by pairing its exposure
Friday, May 8, 2020
Annie Poll Period 3 AP European History Free-Response Essay 31 March, 2016 World War I is often called Ã¢â¬Å"The Great WarÃ¢â¬ . This was because it was the first war to affect such a large geographical area and involve so many countries. These countriesÃ¢â¬â¢ governments had complicated relationships with each other and even the people who they governed. This war was largely unavoidable because of these complicated relationships and diplomacies. The first example of these relationships were the ones countries at this time had with each other: alliances. An alliance is an agreement between two or more countries in which they promise support to each other, this support often relating to military. There were two major alliances that faced off in World War I: the Central Powers and the Triple Entente. The Central Powers were not always called the Central Powers; when the Prussian general Otto von Bismarck united Germany in 1871, he was fearful of the vulnerability of the new united country, and knew he needed alliances. He knew France was not an opti on because of the resentment harbored by the French government after Germany annexed the French province of Alsace-Lorraine, and Britain was not a viable option because of their policy of Ã¢â¬Å"splendid isolationÃ¢â¬ . So, Germany looked instead to the east and formed the Three EmperorsÃ¢â¬â¢ league with Russia and Austria-Hungary. After the Treaty of Berlin in 1878, Russia decided they were dissatisfied with the terms and removed themselves fromShow MoreRelatedThe Great War : World War I894 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The Great War: World War I World War I, otherwise known as the Great War, began as a small battle that eventually developed into a prodigious uproar between several countries. WWIÃ¢â¬â¢s beginnings are controversial and historians throughout the world have several theories about the destructive event. Said to be one of the most disastrous and ruinous struggles between nations, The Great War lasted from July 1914 until November 1918. Referred to as a World War because of the global participation andRead MoreWorld War I And The Great War1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWorld War I was usually suggested to as The Great War. The war began sometime in 1914 and lasted four years, ending in 1918. America endorsed, in this era, a great amount of devastation. Throughout those four years alone approximately nine million casualties occurred and in addition millions more were mutilated, grief-stricken, handicapped, or traumatized. World War I is referred to by some, the first catastrophe, man-made, of the twentieth century. Many historians continue to contemplate the essentialRead MoreThe Great War Of World War I1490 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Great War also considered to be World War I, although not initially named that due to not knowing that there would have been a second one. The war lasted from 1914-1918 and was one of the most violent wars known to history. Before war broke out many of these countries were flourishing economically and wanting to advance their country. During this time period many of the countries were unified and if there was one country that were to engage in war with one then it would cause a major war. ARead MoreWorld War I And The Great War1004 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWorld War I or the Great War as it became known, occurred due to many causes, some of which are still unknown. The obvious trigger was the assassination of the heir to the AustriaHungarian throne archduke Ferdinand and his wife Sophie on the twenty-eighth of June 1914. But a great portion of the cause dealt with past disputes between the Great Powers and such aggressive principles as Nationalism: the strong feeling of pride and devotion to one s country, Imperialism: the domination of one countryRead MoreWorld War I And The Great War1249 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhenever you come across World War I, donÃ¢â¬â¢t you ever deeply think about how it all started? Who would have known that just 2 pulls of a trigger could have triggered a demoralizing World War? World War I, also known as Ã¢â¬Å"The Great War,Ã¢â¬ was a war that primarily took place in Europe. It officially started on the 28th of July in 1914 and it unexpectedly lasted until the 11th of November in 1918 (about 4 years). The most predominant countries that fought in this war include Great Britain, France, RussiaRead MoreWorld War I And The Great War1147 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesperspective of being the First World War, it truly lived to the name of Ã¢â¬Å"The Great WarÃ¢â¬ . While no war is ever simple, this one was very complex for its time. It was a vast war with a revolutionary impact on military advances. The end result of the war, catastrophic. It was a conflict on a global scale that later involved over thirty nations. If anything it was a war on politics, and really illuminates what poor political stamina can result in. With all of this in mind the question stands, Ã¢â¬Å"What madeRead MoreThe Great War And World War I Essay1198 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBetween 1914 and 1918, many of the worlds leading countries were neck to neck in a bloody and gruesome battle known as the Great War or World War I. The United States practiced its policy of isolationism, a policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other countries. However, in April 1917 the United States officially entered the war. Although the United States only fought in two battles, at St. Mihiel and the Meuse-Argonne, the fighting took a heavy toll on American lives. In anRead MoreThe World War I And The Great War1560 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWorld War One , also known as the Great War was a global war fought between the allied powers and the central powers from July 1914 to November 1918. The assassination of Franz Ferdinand led to the outbreak of world war one. Franz Ferdinand was the arch duke of Austrian-Hungarian Empire and was considered as the heir of the Empires monarchy throne. However there was many other factors that caused world war one. Alliances which is an agreement be tween two or more countries which gives help if oneRead MoreWorld War I And The Great War1196 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfrom this 20th century time period under the influence of mass media. World War I, or the Great War, was one of the bloodiest wars of all time. It was a war sparked by militarism, alliance, imperialism, and nationalism. However itÃ¢â¬â¢s affliction laid the groundwork for post war prosperity. Nearly all social classes felt its benefits. Workers rights improved, taxes were lowered, technology advanced, and industry boomed. The war was brutal and the roaring twenties were a chance for the United StatesRead MoreWorld War I And The Great War1509 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespower. World War I, also known as the Great War was the outcome of many tensions and a sequence of calamitous incidents that plunged Europe into a disaster zone. Due to the use of the machine gun and trench warfare, most of the war was a battle of attrition between the Ã¢â¬Å"Triple AllianceÃ¢â¬ and the Ã¢â¬Å"Triple EntenteÃ¢â¬ . Millions of people fought and died in this war, among them thousands of Canadians. There have been many attempts to reconstruct experiences and battles of the First World War in prose
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In preparation for your research paper, write a research proposal that includes the following: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Identify the topic and state the question you will answer in your research. Criminal justice to work in the area as a Probation Officer working in the Juvenile Hall Ã¢â¬ ¢ Provide the rationale for your research question. Refer to the Research Question Appendix on your Week Two student Web site for examples of identifying topics and generating research questions for that topic. We will write a custom essay sample on Evaluation of Business Code of Ethics or any similar topic only for you Order Now 1. Working with gang crime statistics members? 2.Violent offenders? 3. Sex offenders younger than 15? Ã¢â¬ ¢ Describe your research writing purpose. Will you explore a question of fact, definition, value, cause and effect, or consequence? Refer to Ch. 3, Establishing a Purpose. Are you taking a stand on an issue or arguing a point? Refer to the Evaluating Your Purpose checklist in Ch. 16 of Bookmarks. I am explaining the work of a probation officer and what probation officers have to deal with juveniles. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Describe the type of research you will conductÃ¢â¬âprimary (based on interviews, etc. ) or secondary (based on sources already written).Describe your research strategy by explaining the process you will follow to collect your information. Refer to Ch. 4, Planning Your Research Strategy. It would be secondary research, going online finding valid sources to get the information Begin building a research log: Identify (cite) details of each source and collect facts, statistics, expert opinions, examples, and definitions that address your research question. Include your research log with your research proposal.Ã¢â¬ ¢ List at least five sources in the research log. Research Log Jacobson, Michael. Ã¢â¬Å"Probation Officers. Ã¢â¬ Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement. Ed. Larry E. Sullivan, et al. Vol. 1: State and Local. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Reference, 2005. 369-371. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 22 Apr. 2010. Document URL com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3452600164v=2.1u=apolloit=rp=GVRLsw=wÃ¢â¬ http://go. galegroup. com/ps/i. do? id=GALE%7CCX3452600164v=2. 1u=apolloit=rp=GVRLsw=w How to cite Evaluation of Business Code of Ethics, Papers
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
Social Issues Of Yesterday And Today Kevin Sellers April 8, 1998 Social Issues of Yesterday and Today Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend or oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty, (John Fitzgerald Kennedy). The problems and social issues of our nation years ago have become the problems of today. John Fitzgerald Kennedy became the thirty-fifth president of the United States of America on January 20, 1961. Over thirty-five years later, the problems addressed in his Inaugural Speech are still important social issues of this age. One of the most important social issues expressed in this speech was freedom; the freedom of people from the oppression of Communism. John F. Kennedy made a promise to support any friend or oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty. He believed that he had been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. But he knew that he was just the starting point, and it would take many generations to undo the oppression of Communism and the damage that it would cause globally. The predictions that were made in his speech were true; he was the beginning of the ending, and it took over thirty years of cold war to put an end to the greatest Communist nation in the world: the USSR. Although the surmise of the USSR has become history, communism is still alive and well today. The Peoples Republic of China is probably the largest of the few communist nations left in the world. Since the times of J.F.K. the United States has developed political tactics to fight the spread of communism rather that the use of war, such as that of Vietnam. The most common political tactics used are trade embargoes. A trade Embargo will not allow a nation or country to sell or trade certain products, or place a high tax on them so that the general consumer will not want to purchase that particular product. Because of trade embargo's we are able to force other nations into submission without the use of force (war). John F. Kennedy also addressed the problem of poverty, not just with our nation, but as a global problem. This issue has been addressed in the past it is being addressed now and, it will be addressed in the future. The problem of poverty is a serious issue in our present generation. Good jobs are hard to find, which means that most of the jobs available are low paying, and that put a lot of people below the poverty line. Another problem associated with poverty is that some people are just lazy. They don't want to work, and why should they when the government will just pay their way? If a free society cannot help the many who are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich (JFK). John Fitzgerald Kennedy indicated many social issues and problems, which needed to be dealt with not only by the government, but by the people as well. He had a vision for America and the world. John F. Kennedy knew that it would take a nation that was united for the common cause of world well being, so he made this call to action. Ask not what your county can do for you--ask what you can do for your country?Ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man. Introduction Strategy: Use a quotation Conclusion Strategy: Make a call to action, Close with a statement or quotation readers will remember Social Issues
Friday, March 20, 2020
The Main Purpose and Nature of Operational Management Introduction Operations management is an area that deals in managing the processes involved in production and distribution of goods and services. This means that it deals with management of business processes. It can also be defined as the field concerned with managing and directing the physical and technical functions of a firm or organization. The firm or the organization must be relating to development, production, and manufacturing (Weiss Gershon 19).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Main Purpose and Nature of Operational Management specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Operational management is involved with many activities some of which are product and service management. The product and service management activities include creation of the product, development, production and product distribution. Other activities are purchase inventory control, quality control, storage, logistics and evaluation of processes. T he main purpose of operational management is to ensure that these business processes and activities are carried out efficiently and effectively. Operation management is therefore concerned with the internal processes of a business. However, the nature of how operational management works in an organization depends on the product and services that the organization deals with. Operation management is the centre of all the changes that occur in the world of business. Some of the changes are changes in customer preference, changes in supply network caused by technologies and also changes in the quality of the product to suit the customer (Weiss Gershon 21). Quality control is one of the very crucial activities of an operations management. It should be very effective so that a continuous improvement on the quality is observed. Safe Kids Organization This is an organization that aims in preventing accidental childhood injuries in the United Arab Emirates. The organization is one of the gl obal networks of organizations called Safe kids worldwide. The organization has noted that accidental childhood injuries are the main causes of death in children. Accidental injuries take more childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives than diseases, violence or other causes. This mostly affects children of 14 years and below. Most of these injuries are caused by motor vehicle crashes, falls, fire, bicycle accidents and other sporting related accidents. The organization believes that the injuries are preventable. This is possible if safety equipments are used and if the environment the children play is modified. Change of behavior can also help in preventing accidental injuries in children. Safe kids have come up with significant progress in reducing the risk of accidental injury to children. Some of the progresses are provision of more advanced equipment in the hospital. It has also offered education to parents on how to prevent accidental injuries from occurring to the children. Safe kids also advoc ates for laws that protect children. They also provide safety device measures to families who need them.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The organization has brought together health and safety experts, educators, corporations, foundations, government and even volunteers. These people help the organization to effectively achieve its objectives. Matching Operations Management and Safe Kid Organization Operations management has helped Safe kids in achieving its goals. Setting up hospitals which take good care of injured children is one of the goals. The organization is also providing advanced equipments to hospitals which are specialized for children cases. The operations management wants Safe kidsÃ¢â¬â¢ organization to effect its operation of ensuring that all the kids are safe. That is why, the operation managers are always passing and strengthening child safety l aws and regulations. Such laws make the whole country to take the initiative of ensuring a child safe. It also leads to a responsible country as no one wants to be fined or taken to court for breaking the law. Education to parents and children is also an idea from operations management. Parents are taught on how to prevent children from getting injured. Children are also taught on how they should take care of themselves. The teachings have proven to the parents that prevention is better than cure. Since the accidents are unintentional, they can therefore be prevented. Operating managers of Safe kids have also started conducting research. The research involves visiting different hospitals and collecting data of how many children have visited the hospitals due to injuries. This research will help the managers to know which area needs to be taught about children safety. They are also able to know which hospital need the specialized equipments for children safety. Safety devices are als o provided to some families. Most of the families given the devices are those with many children. Also, families living in a risky environment are provided with these devices. This keeps the children safe, even in the unfriendly surrounding. Some of the lifesaving devices provided are smoke alarms, helmets and safety seats. How Safe Kids Operates Safe Kids operates by teaching parents on how to prevent injuries to their children. This is done in hospitals, church and even in schools, where most parents are gathered. The organization also has experts who move from home to home talking to parents. Parents are taught on how to transport children safely in cars. They should check car seats and booster seats for proper installation. They are asked to first teach them how to ride motor bikes before buying them the bikes.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Main Purpose and Nature of Operational Management specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Le arn More Children are also taught about their safety by the organization. They are taught what they should and should not do when around or in the vehicle. They are also taught on how to walk on the streets, especially when going or leaving the schools. Safe kids programs are ongoing activities which get the members of community involved in child safety initiatives. One of the programs is creating safe environment. It is the work of every member of a community to keep the environment safe. A safe environment must also be clean. Community members can ensure a safe environment by not littering dirt around. This dirt is dangerous to the children as it can make them fall or hurt them. They can also get poisoned, especially young children who go eating anything they come across. Assessments Operations management has always been very effective in every business. Its results are always positive in every business enterprise where products are produced or services are provided. In ou r case Safe Kids organization offers services to the children. Operations management has helped the organization provide the service effectively. The rate of children injury has reduced especially in the United States, where it has reduced from 78% to 30%. There are also very rare cases of children injuries in different hospitals all over the world. Suggestions Introduction of complex and complicated equipments need qualified personnel. The organization should first train some of its employees on how the equipments are operated. This will ensure that the equipment performs its function effectively. The safety devices provided to families should be more advanced such that they can protect a child from getting poisoned. This is because; most of these devices are about physical injury. This will help reduce the poisoning cases. Poisoning is even the most dangerous of all the injuries because it can even kill a child. The number one cause of deaths of children in industrialized countrie s is the unintentional injuries. Therefore, Safe Kids Worldwide should ensure that the more advanced equipments are readily found in those countries. Operational managers of safe kids should send qualified and health experts in the area. Educators are also needed to educate parents and children in industrialized area. Children need to know how they should carry themselves around and while in the industries. Many well equipped health centers need to be established near the industries for emergency cases.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Organizations should also promote corporate leadership. This can be achieved through effective and sustainable partnership. Corporate leadership will help in ensuring that the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s employees are carrying out their duties effectively. This will lead to a good relationship between the customer and organization. Conclusion There are two main functions of an organization. One is to provide a product or a service and the other function is to sell the product or service. However, Operations management mostly focuses on the first function of providing product or service. Operations management plans and controls all activities necessary for the provision of the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s product or service. Since the aspect of Operation management emphasizes on the product or service provision, it has some ways to make this possible. It gives advice on the best techniques and equipment to use to make the goods or provide a service. It emphasizes on work force management, training of emp loyees and measurement of quality assurance. Operational managers who adhere to the above ideas and technologies are able to improve productivity and reduce cost. They are also able to enhance the quality of a good and customer service. An organization is also able to meet the rapidly changing customer needs. Weiss, Howard, and Gershon, Mark. Production and Operations Management. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1999. Print.
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
How to Rename or Define How to Rename or Define How to Rename or Define By Mark Nichol When constructing a sentence in which a term or concept is described in other words or a meaning is given, use these guidelines for punctuating the parenthesis. When using namely, which establishes that one or more examples or names of a thing will be provided, or employing phrases that serve a similar purpose (such as Ã¢â¬Å"for exampleÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"that isÃ¢â¬ ), always follow the word or phrase with a comma. The punctuation preceding the word or phrase depends on the structure of the sentence. (The abbreviations e.g. and i.e., representing Latin phrases equivalent to Ã¢â¬Å"for exampleÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"that is,Ã¢â¬ respectively, are discouraged in formal prose in favor of the English phrases except in parentheses or in notes; use the same surrounding punctuation for the abbreviations as for the phrases.) When what follows is a simple phrase and not an independent clause, precede namely and the like with an em dash to signal that one is transitioning from discussing something to providing examples about it: Ã¢â¬Å"Constitutional law defines the interrelationships between various branches of government within a state namely, the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.Ã¢â¬ Alternatively, enclose the additional information in parentheses: Ã¢â¬Å"I enjoy reading nineteenth-century historical adventure novels (for example, those by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Sir Walter Scott, and Robert Louis Stevenson).Ã¢â¬ If the word or phrase, and what follows, is an independent clause, start a new sentence or precede the word or phrase with a semicolon: Ã¢â¬Å"I agree with what you said. That is, I agree if I understand what you meant.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I agree with what you said; that is, I agree if I understand what you meant.Ã¢â¬ An em dash may be used in place of the period or semicolon to signal an abrupt addition to the preceding statement, or use parentheses to represent an afterthought. Another option, in place of using namely, is to employ a colon, which among other purposes is used to indicate an expansion or explanation: Ã¢â¬Å"Constitutional law defines the interrelationships between various branches of government within a state: the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"For example,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"that is,Ã¢â¬ and similar phrases can be used following a colon or an em dash: Ã¢â¬Å"I enjoy reading nineteenth-century historical adventure novelists: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Sir Walter Scott, and Robert Louis Stevenson, for example.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I enjoy reading nineteenth-century historical adventure novelists that is, writers like Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Sir Walter Scott, and Robert Louis Stevenson.Ã¢â¬ (Either phrase can precede or follow the examples, but Ã¢â¬Å"for exampleÃ¢â¬ usually comes at the end and Ã¢â¬Å"that isÃ¢â¬ usually appears at the beginning.) Use of Ã¢â¬Å"in other wordsÃ¢â¬ as a transitional phrase follows these patterns (the particular method of punctuation depends on the context specific to a sentence): Ã¢â¬Å"We have insufficient funds to continue operating in other words, we are broke.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"We have insufficient funds to continue operating. In other words, we are broke.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"We have insufficient funds to continue operating; in other words, we are broke.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"We have insufficient funds to continue operating. (In other words, we are broke.)Ã¢â¬ One similar point about punctuation is how to provide a gloss, or a brief definition, as IÃ¢â¬â¢ve done in this sentence for the word gloss: Set the gloss off from the term with a pair of commas. Alternatively, enclose the gloss in parentheses, especially if the gloss is a translation: The word is chico (Ã¢â¬Å"boy,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"child,Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"smallÃ¢â¬ ). Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Style category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Creative Writing 101Proved vs. ProvenGlimpse and Glance: Same or Different?
Sunday, February 16, 2020
The Gaming and Console Industry - Essay Example Among the notable improvements in the computer world that attribute their success to the gaming industry, including sound cards, graphics cards, and 3D graphics accelerators. CD-ROM and DVD-ROM drives also base their invention in the gaming industry (Hooper 1991). Sony has been in the industry for a considerable number of years and has been the key provider of the video games with its PlayStation devices. Regardless of the increased competition, the industryÃ¢â¬â¢s future is still very promising as more people buy and use games. Sony has been in the industry for a long time, but its sales and revenue from the business has been declining considerably with time. This is due to various reasons, some of which the company has control over, while others it cannot control. As more people use games, more players come to the market, increasing competition. Changing customer tastes, substitution by other forms of games and environmental factors could be a reason for the decline in the perfor mance. However, despite this, the company is likely to remain in the business for a long time. Q 1 PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s five competitive forces Competitive rivalry Sony is operating in a very competitive industry, with many firms coming up with different forms of gaming. With the increase and technological revolution, many companies have started providing games via digital devices, for example, smartphones. Other companies have gone a step further to provide online streaming of games for their customers where people can play games online from the internet. Regardless of the stiff competition, the company is currently facing, SonyÃ¢â¬â¢s consoles are not about to be edged out of the market anytime soon due to increased innovation and inclusion of a variety of features if the recent launch of PlayStation 4 is anything to go by. Although prospects are high in the gaming business, expectations are that in future, the profits will keep on dwindling and the next generation of games will neve r rake even half of what the current is making. Stakes are high, risks have increased to the point that currently, Sony is struggling to command superiority in the same market that it had previously dominated. With increased uptake of technology, research, and experiments in the industry, more and more developments are coming to place.